Get Back to 'Things in Themselves': A Phenomenological PDF

By Josef Seifert

ISBN-10: 0710207115

ISBN-13: 9780710207111

In an enlightening discussion with Descartes, Kant, Husserl and Gadamer, Professor Seifert argues that the unique proposal of phenomenology was once not anything except the primordial perception of philosophy itself, the root of philosophia perennis. His radical rethinking of the phenomenological process leads to a common, objectivist philosophy in direct continuity with Plato, Aristotle and Augustine.

In order to validate the classical declare to understand self sufficient being, the writer defends Husserl's methodological precept "Back to objects themselves" from empiricist and idealist critics, together with the later Husserl, and replies to the arguments of Kant which try and discredit the knowability of items in themselves.

Originally released in 1982, this ebook culminates in a phenomenological and important unfolding of the Augustinian cogito, as giving entry to immutable fact approximately invaluable essences and the true life of non-public being.

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We must not let ourselves be guided here by naIve experience. Obviously, at first sight, the statement that whales belong to the same genus as cows or other mammals, or that coal and diamond are in some sense identical in molecular structure, seems absurd. Yet we know that it is not. The explanation for this puzzle lies in the contingency (non-necessity) of the given nature (its lack of absolute essential necessity and of strict delineation from other essences), on the one hand, and on the other, in the fact that the constitutive nature of the one thing, in such cases, is hidden and can therefore be shown by repeated experience to coincide with the equally hidden constitutive nature of another.

The progress in knowledge that is achieved when one prescinds from the question of what the very things are which one intends to explain, however, is not only not a progress in philosophical knowledge - because philosophy is concerned precisely with the question. ' - but is not really a progress in knowledge properly speaking at all. It usually even implies a certain loss of that knowledge which is contained in our pre-philosophical acquaintance with things. This is not to deny that we may well speak here of a progress in knowledge on a certain plane.

Phenomenological philosophy' as a philosophy which 26 Rethinking Husserl's maxim investigates 'things in themselves' simply means authentic philosophical analysis of 'things themselves,' wherever and whenever it occurred. The term only signals a more methodic and conscious carrying out of what all great philosophers did when they really paid attention to 'things themselves' as they present themselves in their very own nature. The designation of Aristotle's distinction of the four causes as a masterful phenomenological analysis does not prejudice the question, of course, of whether Aristotle sufficiently and with perfect exactness explored the essence of these four causes and the essential characteristics pertaining to each one of them.

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