By United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. Office of Support Programs
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Extra resources for Atoms to electricity
As of March 31, 1983, the 220 nuclear plants operating in 24 countries outside the United States provided more than 9 percent of the world’s electricity (Table 5). More than 360 other nuclear plants are under construction or being planned, which would bring the total nuclear generating capacity in other countries to some 440 million kilowatts-which is equal to the entire US. electrical capacity as recently as 1973. Throughout the 1970s France conducted the world’s most aggressive nuclear development program.
Radioactive materiais involved in the opera- tion of the Nation’s nuclear powerplants account for only one quarter of one percent of all shipments of hazardous materials. ) The safety record of shipping radioactive materials is wellestablished. Only one-half of one percent of all accidents in the shipment of hazardous materials involves radioactive materials. ) Most of the accidents involve small packages of low-level waste which contain little radioactivity. No deaths or serious injuries have ever been attributed to the radioactive nature of any materials involved in a transportation accident.
Storage of the spent fuel in pools near the reactors is a temporary measure, until the fuel is shipped to long-term storage, to permanent waste repositories, or to reprocessing plants. Reprocessed Wastes From the beginning of nuclear power use, it was assumed that the spent fuel would be chemically reprocessed to allow the still-usable fuel to be recycled and to concentrate the fission products into a smaller volume. (Figure 33). Fuel reprocessing technology has been developed and utilized in the United 41 Figure 34.
Atoms to electricity by United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. Office of Support Programs