Army heritage of the mostancient Greece. Обзорный рассказ о военной системе Греции доэллинистического периода. Осада Трои, воины Микенского государства, система фортификационных сооружений Древних Микен. Способы ведения боевых действий древнейших греческих царей. Воспетых в гомеровских поэмах. Материал книги основан на археологических данных. В книге приводится немало фотографий реальных предметов вооружения, извлеченных из древних гробниц и могильников в Греции и в Малой Азии.
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Extra info for At walls of Troy and Mycenae
Building programmes Tripartite building programmes have been detected at both Mycenae and Tiryns, although it is unclear whether the various stages of building at the two sites are contemporary. At both sites, the earliest fortification systems are dated to the late LH IIIA period, while the final fortification systems (including hidden water-supply systems at both sites) are dated to the advanced-LH IIIB period. The Mycenaean fortifications of the Athenian Acropolis are said to be of LH IIIBdate, although the evidence for such a dating is not very abundant.
On the summit of the citadel, the extant ruins of the palace complex can be made out. (Author's collection) Mycenaean fortification walls tended to be built along the edge of a sharp change in elevation in the local topography so that the masonry of the circuit-wall combined with the natural contours of the site to create an even more formidable obstacle for attackers. The citadel itself was also accompanied by 'hamlets' of associated non-fortified agrarian settlements. In choosing a site to fortify, therefore, the prerequisites were few, simple and logical.
The fire that destroyed the site (Lerna IV) towards the end of the EH Ill period preserved the bricks, which were hardened and are now protected by the terracotta tiles. (Author's collection) I military architecture may in the end prove to be the product of purely indigenous developments from humble Middle Helladic antecedents. In the thriving palatial societies of Mycenaean Greece, military architecture is best understood as serving both practical and ideological functions. Thus monumental fortifications physically protected a citadel, and by extension its territory, but were at the same time a compelling and enduring statement of centralised power, a public display of the conspicuous consumption of wealth and energy, often far exceeding any practical needs.
At walls of Troy and Mycenae