By Stephen R. Anderson
The 1st booklet to hide the grammar of clitics from all issues of view, together with their phonology, morphology, and syntax, and the 1st complete survey of clitic phenomena for two decades. Written with unheard of readability and in response to a direction given to graduate scholars.
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Extra resources for Aspects of the Theory of Clitics (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
These observations suggest that from a descriptive point of view, there are (at least) two somewhat different kinds of clitic element: grammatical markers, and semantically content-ful ones. I will eventually want to draw an analogy between this difference and that between inﬂection and derivation in morphology, and I return to this matter in Chapters 4 and 6. At this point, I have developed a general picture of the kinds of clitics that ought to be accounted for by grammatical theory, and some notions of how that might be done, at least for the phonological dimension of clitic-hood.
Before proceeding to a more general theoretical framework for the phonology of cliticization, I look ﬁrst at a somewhat more notorious example, where the “simplicity” of the designation “simple clitic” is rather more seriously in question. This is the case of the reduced forms of a number of auxiliary verbs in English. These have often been suggested to be simple clitics, but an enormous literature attests to the fact that at least superﬁcially, they have distinctive syntactic properties. We need to determine whether, as in the Kw akw ’ala case, these can be derived from the phonology of the items in question.
17) Phonological Clitic: A linguistic element whose phonological form is deﬁcient in that it lacks prosodic structure at the level of the (Prosodic) Word. 17), though I will usually use phonological clitic instead in this book, to highlight the nature of the elements under discussion. 17). Phonologists have assumed at least since the appearance of Liberman and Prince (1977) that stress accent is deﬁnitionally a property of the metrical structure of Prosodic Words, and obviously an element that does not have such structure does not, by itself, project stress.
Aspects of the Theory of Clitics (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Stephen R. Anderson