Approaches to Syntax - download pdf or read online

By Jean-Pierre Paillet, André Dugas

ISBN-10: 902723115X

ISBN-13: 9789027231154

This quantity is an greater model of the English translation from the French unique variation 'Principes d'analyse syntaxique' (Québec, 1973). It offers a survey of theoretical ways to syntax, together with conventional grammars, structuralism, functionalism, and formal techniques.

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The notion of value: a. In order to capture the nature of linguistic elements, Saussure proposes the notion of value. As we have seen, a linguistic expression is what it 30 APPROACHES TO SYNTAX is by virtue of a set of relations of two kinds. On the one hand, its cohesiveness is ensured by syntagmatic constraints; on the other, its individuality is ensured by paradigmatic oppositions. The material nature of the elements used is, in first approximation, irrelevant. Looking at this state of affairs from the point of view of the elements used in language, we now see that what gives a linguistic element its usefulness is not its material aspect in itself, but the way in which its material aspect enables it to enter into paradigmatic oppositions and syntagmatic constraints.

Then these connections either go unmarked, or some morphological means such as agreement is used. As languages differ widely in this respect, we find here a very important typological criterion for the classification of languages. 2. The structure of simple sentences: a. Tesnière recognizes for each syntactic connection a dominant element and a dependent one, by the fact that it is the choice of the dominant element that makes possible the presence of the dependent one. This structure of a connection is represented by a line, which links the dominant element at its upper end to the dependent element at its lower end.

The meanings, or notions are of a logical or psychological nature, but should be kept in mind by the grammarian. His main task is to account for the link between forms and notions, which is realized by the functions of the forms in a particular use. The 5 study of these functions is the domain of syntax. 7. Importance of innovators: a. The role of such researchers as Brunot and Jespersen is multiple. They first contributed a detailed analysis of the failings of the grammatical tradition of western Europe.

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Approaches to Syntax by Jean-Pierre Paillet, André Dugas

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