Applied attention theory by Christopher D. Wickens PDF

By Christopher D. Wickens

ISBN-10: 0805859837

ISBN-13: 9780805859836

Eye witness testimony, education, using, and show layout: those are only some of the real-world domain names during which depend upon undivided realization. Emphasizing the hyperlink among idea and alertness, utilized realization idea presents a deep figuring out of ways theories of realization, built from laboratory-based mental learn, can tell our knowing of daily human functionality in a large variety of functions and environments. the elemental theories mentioned challenge divided, targeted, and selective consciousness, and parts of software contain psychological workload dimension, multi-tasking, distracted riding, complicated show layout, schooling, and the learning of attentional talents.

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Designing better algorithms), one human factors approach that can sometimes be taken is to reduce the look-ahead time of predictive automation such as that involved in forecasting events or collision warnings. Of course, the look-ahead time should be no shorter than the time necessary for the human to respond appropriately to the alerted state. For example, it makes no sense to have a look-ahead time for a pilot collision warning of five seconds. Though this guarantees high accuracy, five seconds is too little time to maneuver and avoid collision (Thomas and Rantanen 2006).

1. These sources of salience— onsets, perceptual salience, and attentional set—were discussed in chapter 3, as was the issue of equal importance: where attention capture fails entirely as reflected in inattentional blindness. Note that event fixation latency is a good way of quantifying attention capture in a nonintrusive manner. 3 The flight management system. The flight mode annunciators, labeled FMA, are small green boxes located on the left panel. As discussed briefly in chapter 3, a real-world study that illustrates the failures of nonsalient events to capture attention was carried out in the glass cockpit of the Boeing 747-400 simulator, using seventeen highly trained commercial pilots (Sarter, Mumaw, and Wickens 2007).

In real-world environments, these costs of invalid cueing can be quite large, in the order of several ­seconds (Yeh, Merlo, Wickens, and Brandenburg 2003). These results suggest that one effect of cuing is noise exclusion: the ability to ignore distracting or target degrading information. Central versus Peripheral Cuing As might be expected, characteristics of the cue stimulus itself also influence attentional performance. This was first demonstrated by Jonides (1981), who compared the effects of central and peripheral cues.

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Applied attention theory by Christopher D. Wickens

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