Read e-book online Analyzing Rational Crime — Models and Methods PDF

By Olof Dahlbäck

ISBN-10: 9048164419

ISBN-13: 9789048164417

ISBN-10: 9401707219

ISBN-13: 9789401707213

Olof Dahlbäck's ebook breaks new floor for the research of crime from a rationality viewpoint via offering versions and techniques that move a ways past people with which researchers have hitherto been built. The publication examines unmarried crimes, person criminal activity, and societal crime, and it discusses completely the final choice theoretical presuppositions precious for examining those numerous kinds of crime. An anticipated application maximization version for a unmarried discrete selection concerning the fee of against the law is the root of many of the analyses awarded. A model of this version is constructed that enables interpersonal comparisons, and this uncomplicated version is used whilst deriving extra advanced types of crime in addition to whilst studying the possibility of such derivations. The rigorous, strong equipment advised offer substantial possibilities for bettering examine and for seeing previous difficulties in a brand new light.

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Extra info for Analyzing Rational Crime — Models and Methods

Sample text

What choices are the result of decisions? These questions come to the fore when considering much psychological and social-psychological research, such as research on the commission of crime. In this research, various types of behavioral tendencies that are not formulated in decision-theoretical terms are often used as explanatory factors. Impulses, habits, and adherence to norms are examples. Could these be incorporated into a decision-theoretical perspective? Shouldn't they instead be seen as factors that make the individual choose actions in a simple way, without the deliberateness and intellectual engagement necessary for making decisions?

As previously mentioned, it is assumed that the individual conceives of the probability of punishment (p) in accordance with the laws of objective probability calculus. Thus, it is assumed that the probability of not being punished is 1 - p . I will not take up the problem of how probability should 32 SINGLE CHOICES: GENERAL THEORETICAL PRESUPPOSITIONS be defined more exactly as a personal notion (for a discussion of the various theories of the matter, see Baron, 2000, pp. 93-123). Furthermore, I will say very little about how individuals form probabilities.

It seems that different people tend to make decisions in different ways. A third type of evidence that indicates that there are problems with the von Neumann-Morgenstern theory of maximization of expected utility comes from experimental studies in which different instructions have been used for decision problems that can be considered objectively identical. For example, subjects are told to form an action alternative in such a way that they are indifferent to the choice between this alternative and another given alternative, and they may then be asked to state a probability or to state the value of a manifest outcome that results in this indifference.

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Analyzing Rational Crime — Models and Methods by Olof Dahlbäck

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