By Noah Lemos
Epistemology or the idea of data is likely one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this ebook offers a transparent and obtainable creation to the topic. It discusses a few of the major theories of justification, together with foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and advantage epistemology. different themes comprise the Gettier challenge, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the matter of epistemic circularity, the matter of the criterion, a priori wisdom, and naturalized epistemology. meant essentially for college kids taking a first-class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written textual content might additionally supply a superb advent for a person drawn to understanding extra approximately this significant region of philosophy.
Part of the Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy sequence.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge
The specific proposals we have considered are fairly simple and represent some of the earliest attempts to deal with the Gettier problem. Unfortunately, none of the specific proposals we have considered are successful. Still, we have only skimmed the surface of a vast body of literature on the Gettier problem and while it is true that there is no widely accepted solution, there has been a great deal of constructive work. Many of the more recent developments are refinements of the approaches considered here.
Knowledge, truth, and justification with respect to a proposition, p, is to say that e supports p but does not guarantee it. In contrast, to say that a body of evidence, e, is inconclusive with respect to p is to say that e does not support believing p. In our previous examples, my evidence does support my beliefs that it is noon and that I will draw a black marble. My evidence for those propositions is not, therefore, inconclusive. Given that there is some connection between evidence and justified belief, can we say simply that if someone has evidence for a proposition, then he is justified in believing it?
According to this idea, a Gettier case involves justified true belief, but the subject’s justification is in some way ‘‘defective’’ or not the right sort to yield knowledge. g. that one’s justification does rest on any false grounds. ’’ Knowledge requires true belief where one’s true belief is not the result of accident or coincidence. This view has led some philosophers to hold that knowledge requires some causal connection between the fact that p and one’s belief that p. As we have noted, there are many attempts to solve the Gettier problem.
An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge by Noah Lemos