By J.P. Daughton
Among 1880 and 1914, tens of hundreds of thousands of fellows and ladies left France for far-off spiritual missions, pushed by means of the need to unfold the observe of Jesus Christ, strive against devil, and convert the world's pagans to Catholicism. yet they weren't the single ones with eyes mounted on international shorelines. simply because the Catholic missionary circulation reached its apex, the younger, staunchly secular 3rd Republic introduced the main competitive crusade of colonial growth in French background. Missionaries and republicans in another country knew they'd a lot to achieve from operating jointly, yet their starkly various motivations on a regular basis led them to view each other with resentment, mistrust, or even worry. In An Empire Divided, J.P. Daughton tells the tale of ways bothered family members among Catholic missionaries and a bunch of republican critics formed colonial guidelines, Catholic views, and household French politics within the tumultuous a long time prior to the 1st global conflict. With case stories on Indochina, Polynesia, and Madagascar, An Empire Divided--the first ebook to envision the function of spiritual missionaries in shaping French colonialism--challenges the long-held view that French colonizing and "civilizing" pursuits have been formed via a especially secular republican ideology outfitted on Enlightenment beliefs. through exploring the studies of Catholic missionaries, one of many biggest teams of French women and men operating in another country, Daughton argues that colonial rules have been frequently wrought within the fires of non secular discord--discord that indigenous groups exploited in responding to colonial rule. After many years of clash, Catholics and republicans within the empire finally buried lots of their disagreements through embracing a suggestion of French civilization that awkwardly melded either Catholic and republican beliefs. yet their entente got here at a value, with each side compromising long-held and much-cherished traditions for the advantage of setting up and conserving authority. concentrating on the much-neglected intersection of politics, faith, and imperialism, Daughton bargains a brand new figuring out of either the character of French tradition and politics on the fin de siecle, in addition to the facility of the colonial event to reshape European's so much profound ideals.
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Additional resources for An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914
Despite vocal criticism from many anticlerical republicans, the colonial administration ultimately defended the presence of Catholic missionaries abroad. And, as a result of the retooling of the missions’ chief goals, by the First World War, there was a considerable portion of the French population committed to both Catholicism and the republic’s colonial cause. Historians have long focused on how the polemics of domestic politics locked Catholics and republicans in an intractable confrontation.
Finally, this book reconsiders the formation of the French nation within an international context. Since the publication of Eugen Weber’s Peasants into Frenchmen, studies of how the French came to deﬁne their nation in the nineteenth century have been ﬁrmly rooted in the soil of metropolitan France. 63 Conﬂict over colonial policy and the Introduction: Empire in an Age of Discord 21 meaning of civilization was ultimately not only about buttressing power over indigenous populations; it was also an exercise in deﬁning the values of the patrie, how Frenchmen were to think and behave—in short, what it meant to be French.
Religious workers considered themselves to be modern-day apostles. 57 The response of missionaries to the challenges of anticlericalism and imperialism was in some ways unexpected in this era of discord. Under the guidance of the Oeuvre de la propagation de la foi, France’s leading missionary organization, the movement rewrote its rhetoric and redeﬁned its goals to coincide more closely with the republican colonial project. In a massive campaign to reshape the image of the movement, organizations produced travelogues, histories, and journals, and sponsored public ceremonies and exhibitions that showed Catholic missions committed to serving republican projects.
An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism, and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914 by J.P. Daughton