By John Macnicol
Age discrimination is a hugely topical factor in all industrialized societies. established upon specified study, and adopting an interdisciplinary strategy, this exact research lines the heritage of the age discrimination debate in Britain and the U.S. because the Nineteen Thirties. It severely analyzes the strategies of ageism in social kinfolk and age discrimination in employment. Case-studies on generational fairness and health and wellbeing care rationing by way of age are through an research of the British government's projects opposed to age discrimination in employment. The ebook then strains the historical past of the controversy on overall healthiness prestige and previous age.
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Extra info for Age Discrimination: An Historical and Contemporary Analysis
Age Discrimination and Social Security’, in McEwen, Age, p. 59. Drury, Age Discrimination, p. 48. Philip Taylor and Alan Walker, Too Old at 50? Age Discrimination in the Labour Market (1991), p. i. Kerry Platman, The Glass Precipice. Employability for a Mixed Age Workforce (1999), p. 15. ‘NHS Says Sir Magdi is Too Old to Operate’, Evening Standard, 20 Nov. 2001. 34 Age Discrimination Before it was abolished for virtually all occupations, mandatory retirement at age 65 in the USA was frequently criticised as institutionalised ageism.
86 Others disagree, suggesting instead that it is fundamentally different. 91 This view, of course, ignores the fact that the past sufferings of old people – in overcrowded Poor Law infirmaries, demeaning casual jobs, stoical domestic poverty, and so on – have merely been kept hidden from public gaze. When the whole issue of civil rights was under discussion in the USA in the 1960s, it was generally contended that discrimination on grounds of race, sex or religion were all substantially different from age discrimination, since the former were pure ‘bigotry’ that arose from feelings about a person unrelated to that person’s ability to perform a specific job;92 by contrast, working capacity does gradually decline with age, even if the 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 See, for example, Midwinter, Citizenship, p.
By contrast, ‘demand-side’ explanations of retirement argue that the evolution of capitalist economies has slowly marginalised older workers. 165 To this was added the decline in agriculture, which has always employed high proportions of old people. From that point on, the evolution of an increasingly technological capitalism in the twentieth century steadily displaced older workers from the labour force. The economic depression and industrial restructuring of the 1930s probably hastened the labour market exit of older male workers, and the ‘second industrial revolution’ that has occurred since the 1970s has adversely affected the employment prospects of men aged in their fifties and early sixties, while opening up more jobs for women.
Age Discrimination: An Historical and Contemporary Analysis by John Macnicol