By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics enable for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics study and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe parts in either sustainable power and fresh functions. Membrane utilisation deals method simplification and intensification in undefined, offering reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions discounts and effort protection. complex membrane technology and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes provides a complete evaluate of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane procedures and separation to membrane characterization and financial research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) seize in coal and gasoline energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 studies membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters overlaying hydrocarbon gasoline, normal fuel and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute strength functions and effort garage, corresponding to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.
With its exclusive editors and workforce of specialist participants, complex membrane technology and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental functions is a vital reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a entire evaluation of membrane technology and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane methods and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the major problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline strength vegetation and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute power functions and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Extra info for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
5 cm3. Afterward, the powder was dispersed in DMAc by sonication in a bath for 15 min followed by 10 min sonication by probe at an amplitude of 20 kHz. The chemical modiﬁcation of TiO2 was also carried out by surface modiﬁcation of TiO2 nanoparticles with aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) as silane coupling agent. 5 g of mechanically modiﬁed TiO2 nanoparticles was added into pure ethanol under nitrogen purging; this was followed by 30 and 10 min sonication in bath and by probe, respectively. Different amounts of APTES (2, 20, 50, and 80 wt%) were added drop-wise to the mixture under an N2 atmosphere.
Membranes were prepared by a recasting procedure using a Naﬁon solution mixed with Laponite particles comprising sulfonic acid groups bonded to its surface. The surface of clay particles was modiﬁed using plasma activation to bond styrenesulfonic moieties at their surface. The dispersion of modiﬁed clay particles had a signiﬁcant effect on the behavior of the Naﬁon membrane and enhanced both the water retention and proton conductivity of nanocomposite membranes. Monticelli, Bottino, Scandale, Capannelli, and Russo (2007) reported on improving water permeability for PSf membranes blended with cationically modiﬁed clays.
Of these, interfacial polymerization is particularly interesting, taking into account the considerable amount of research in this ﬁeld. TFC membranes have had remarkable development since the concept of interfacial polymerization was introduced by Mogan in 1965 (Lau, Ismail, Misdan, & Kassim, 2012). In this technique, polymerization reaction takes place between two reactive monomers at the interface of two immiscible solvents. First, the pores of a membrane used as the support are ﬁlled with liquid A; then, the support is immersed in a bath containing a reactant for liquid A.
Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications by Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes