By Alan Hazlett
The price of actual trust has performed a valuable function in background of philosophy—consider Socrates’ slogan that the unexamined existence isn't worthy dwelling, and Aristotle’s declare that everybody clearly wishes knowledge—as good as in modern epistemology, the place questions about the price of data have lately taken middle degree. It has frequently been assumed that exact representation—true belief—is helpful, both instrumentally or for its personal sake. In A luxurious of the Understanding, Allan Hazlett deals a serious examine of that assumption, and of the most ways that it may be defended.
Hazlett defends the realization that precise trust is at such a lot occasionally precious. within the first a part of the booklet, he objectives the view that precise trust is in general larger for us than fake trust, and argues that fake ideals approximately ourselves—for instance, unrealistic optimism approximately our futures and approximately folks, equivalent to overly optimistic perspectives of our friends—are frequently precious vis-a-vis our wellness. within the moment half, he goals the view that fact is “the goal of belief,” and argues for anti-realism concerning the epistemic price of precise trust. jointly, those arguments include a problem to the philosophical assumption of the price of precise trust, and recommend another photo, on which the truth that a few humans love fact is all there's to “the price of precise belief.”
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Extra resources for A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief
Kvanvig’s (2003) distinction between the “external” and “internal” value of knowledge. 2). 16 two ancient ideas knowledgeable to the highest possible degree whose life consists in nothing more than being pointlessly tortured all day, every day. Such a life, given some obvious assumptions about the story, goes poorly, at least to some extent, and therefore there is more to wellbeing than knowledge. Can we say more about the specifics of the constitutive connection between knowledge and wellbeing?
5) is not a species of intrinsic value: when something has constitutive value, it is valuable not in virtue of its intrinsic properties, but in virtue of its relation to the valuable whole of which it is part. Something valuable has intrinsic value iff the fact that it is valuable supervenes on its intrinsic properties; otherwise it has extrinsic value. The standard example philosophers offer of something that has intrinsic value is pleasure. It’s hard to see how this helps us understand the value of true belief.
Scanlon (1993), a theory on which “certain diverse goods make a life better ... 191). It seems to me that, if desire-independent theories are right, the best we can do when evaluating claims about eudaimonic value is to appeal to our reflective and empirically informed intuitions. As Finnis might put it, we must be content to embrace what is obvious and self-evident to us. If, after careful and empirically informed reflection, gold seems worthless to me, I should conclude that gold has no eudaimonic value.
A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief by Alan Hazlett