By ROSA VALLEJOS YOPÁN
This dissertation is a complete grammar of Kokama-Kokamilla (KK), as spoken through approximately one thousand elders within the Peruvian Amazon. It offers specified documentation of the buildings of the language and the services they serve, with wealthy exemplification. This research is predicated on major fieldwork on account that 1997, permitting the research to be grounded in textual content info. considered one of KK's so much salient typological gains is a morphological contrast among female and male speech in numerous grammatical different types. significant grammatical different types like individual, quantity, annoying, and modality are conveyed by means of positionally mounted clitics. 5 annoying clitics encode 3 levels of distance into the previous and into the longer term. There also are six epistemic modal clitics, which engage to create a four-way modal approach. not one of the twelve suffixes is compulsory, yet, in language use, as many as 4 can ensue jointly on a unmarried verb, through as much as clitics. Syntactically, KK has intransitive and transitive clauses, yet semantically three-place predicates are syntactically encoded through transitive clauses. There are six directive buildings that distinguish levels of pragmatic strength. one other noteworthy aspect is the a number of kinds of goal clause which fluctuate by way of coreference, managed through the matrix clause absolutive argument instead of the topic. Clause nominalization is a imperative subordination method, relatively in relativization, that is mostly accomplished through an absolutive nominalizer. Pragmatically, KK has buildings that explicitly distinguish subtypes of concentration in line with scope (narrow/broad) and pragmatic info (contrastive/noncontrastive). This bears on theories approximately even if distinction easily emerges from conversational implicature, as opposed to might be explicitly coded by means of committed grammar. info constitution additionally explains the distribution of alternating pronominal kinds and constituent orders. although lengthy labeled as Tupí-Guaraní, contemporary resear
xxix, 918 p. : ailing. (some col.), maps
Adviser: Spike Gildea, Chairperson; Committee participants: Doris Payne; Scott DeLancey; Francisco Queixalos; Lawrence Sugiyama Read more...
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Extra resources for A grammar of Kokama-Kokamilla
Since 2000 the Amazonian indigenous people of Peru organized under the Asociación Indígena de Desarrollo de la Selva Peruana —AIDESEP— have decided to use the terms with which they call themselves, and write them using the alphabets of their languages. As a result, the Kokama and Kokamilla have adopted the terms Kukama and Kukamiria, respectively. Basically, what they have done is adapt the long-used terms. Due to the absence of historical records, clear etymologies for these words cannot be established.
The KKs share the belief that their well being —as individuals as well as a collective— depends on the maintenance of a harmonious relationship between the visible world and the invisible world. Within this view, each plant, animal, lake, etc. has its owner (mother or guardian spirit) from whom one must ask permission before anything can be taken. This worldview and lifestyle, evidently, clash with the predominant view in Western society, where nature is a resource that humans have an unquestioned right to exploit without regard for consequences; “wilderness” is seen as something to be conquered and transformed, rather than cherished and respected.
Political organization In the late 1960‟s and early 1970‟s, indigenous Amazonians from different areas of Peru started a movement to protect their land and natural resources from colonizers and extractivists. They adopted a strategy of organizing associations of local communities to gain government recognition. In 1974, Peru granted legal recognition for land rights to its indigenous peoples through the Native Communities Law. However, subsequent changes to this Law, such as that of 1978, eliminated property rights over forest lands, even those within a recognized native community (Smith et al.
A grammar of Kokama-Kokamilla by ROSA VALLEJOS YOPÁN