By Abraham Mendis Gunasekara
Excerpt from A complete Grammar of the Sinhalese Language: tailored for using English Readers and Prescribed for the Civil carrier Examinations
HE absence of a entire Grammar of the Sinhalese Language suited for the necessities of English readers prompt to me a few years in the past the desirability of getting ready the sort of paintings.
The manuscript used to be accomplished in June, 1885. In 1888 sanction used to be got for its being published on the Govern ment Press. considering the fact that then numerous reasons have behind schedule its factor.
Whatever relaxation i've been capable, as a central authority reputable, to dedicate to literary paintings, has now not been spared in a conscientious endeavour to render the booklet precious of its item. I humbly belief that my efforts haven't been altogether unsuccessful.
In the training of the current Grammar i've got availed myself of numerous works on Sinhalese Grammar, via either historical and smooth authors. it's been written in a sort top tailored to fit people who find themselves acquainted with ecu Grammars. due to the multiplicity of ex amples and reasons, and the creation of a few topic now not possibly strictly appertaining to the province of a Grammar, yet prone to be of use, its scope has passed the boundaries initially pondered.
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Additional info for A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations
One has to memorize which nouns belong to this group. Τhe most common are: το δάσος, βάρος, τέλος, λάθος, πλήθος, έθνος, κέρδος, θάρρος, κράτος, ύψος, βάρος, πάχος, μήκος, πλάτος, έδαφος, μέγεθος They must be stressed on the last syllable in genitive plural: το λαθος το εδαφος τα λαθη τα εδαφη των λαθων των εδαφων 33 1. Sahinis and Agatha have invited some friends to spend Sunday evening with them. Help Agatha to write the following notice to Sahinis Αγάπη μου, Θα αργήσω να γυρίσω. Γι’ αυτό αγόρασε, σε παρακαλώ, μερικά πράγματα για την Κυριακή το βράδυ: λίγα αναψυκτικά, μερικές __________________, 2-3 ________________ πορτοκάλι, 1⁄4 __________________, ένα κουτί __________________, λίγους __________________ και μερικά __________________.
___________ξέρετε; Σοφία: Ναι, και πολύ καλά μάλιστα. Εσύ πώς ___________ γνώρισες; Αντόνιο: Α, είναι μεγάλη ιστορία… Αλέξης: Έμαθα ότι είναι και αυτοί εδώ στο νησί. Γιατί δεν ___________τηλεφωνούμε να έρθουν εδώ; Κατερίνα: Καλή ιδέα! 62 Β. Κτητικές αντωνυμίες (Possessive pronouns) Possession is expressed by two structures: a) by the weak form of the personal pronoun, which is placed after the noun it modifies, in genitive. b) by the structure ο δικός η δική το δικό my wallet Έχασα το πορτοφόλι μου μου σου του της τον μας σας τους Αυτό το πορτοφόλι είναι (το) δικό μου The first part (δικός) behaves like an adjective and inflects for gender, number and case according to the noun which it modifies.
Use The comparative is used when two entities are being compared. The definite article is used when more than two entities are compared. The superlative is used when the relative quality appears in the highest degree. When similar entities are being compared expressions like τόσο … όσο, σαν / όπως are used. Μια γάτα ζυγίζει τόσο όσο δέκα ποντίκια Το φαγητό που μαγειρεύει η Αγκάθα είναι νοστιμότερο/ πιο νόστιμο από το φαγητό της Κλειώς Όλα τα φαγητά είναι νόστιμα, αλλά αυτό είναι το νοστιμότερo / το πιο νόστιμο απ’ όλα.
A comprehensive grammar of the Sinhalese language,: Adapted for the use of English readers and prescribed for the civil service examinations by Abraham Mendis Gunasekara