By Barbara Ann Kipfer
This all-new consultant to english is designed to be user-friendly. Its cutting edge A-to-Z dictionary structure helps you to locate the solutions for your questions about grammar, punctuation, and most well-liked utilization fast and easily. Simply lookup the matter components as you'll lookup a notice within the dictionary. It's simply that easy and time-saving.
A thesaurus of phrases and abundant cross-references supply much more support should you desire it. Created through a number one specialist in linguistics and lexicography. Covers all crucial components of grammar and style. A key observe index for quick entry. transparent, ample examples.
Up-to-date, smooth, most popular educational and enterprise usage. Portable for college, domestic, or workplace.
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Additional info for 21st Century Grammar Handbook
REDRoot-trabaho e. trab-trabaho f. trabaho-trabaho g. ∗ ∗∗∗∗ ∗∗∗∗! Candidate (16a) is optimal for Light (AYxal) reduplication, as it best satisWes the markedness constraints—NoCoda and *Strucs 7 I assume the constraint ParseMorpheme—a morph must be realized in the output (Akinlabi 1996)—rules out a candidate with a null realization of the reduplicative morpheme like ø- trabaho. Prosodic Hierarchy-Based Templates 47 (12)—which optimize copying as much of the Base as possible while not exceeding a single open syllable.
In their approach, the reduplicative morpheme is semantically identical to its Base. Morphological and, to a lesser extent, phonological identity, follow from this. While Inkelas and Zoll (2005) observe that the target shapes for reduplicative truncation match the shapes found for other processes of truncation, they do not formalize a theory of possible output shapes. The concern of their theory is rather to account for matches and mismatches in the respective phonologies of the reduplicative morpheme and its Base.
The Stem ! PrWord homology in (3b) deWnes the canonical realization of Stem as coextensive with Prosodic Word (McCarthy and Prince 1994b, 1999: 262, McCarthy 2000: 169). g. RED) ¼ MCat (Stem, Root, Affix)2 (b) Stem ! PrWord homology: Stem % PrWord Align the left and right edges of every Stem with the left and right edges of some Prosodic Word. The constraints in (2) and (3) taken together deWne a correlation between the morphological category Stem and the prosodic category Foot. They require not only Words but also (prosodic) morphemes which are categorized as Stems to be minimally Foot-sized, as both Words and Stems are parsed into a Prosodic Word and, by Headedness, must contain a proper stress Foot.
21st Century Grammar Handbook by Barbara Ann Kipfer